One of the questions I get asked the most from students is how to hit high notes. But occasionally, I also have singers questioning how to hit low notes. Let me start by saying that it’s much easier to train yourself to sing higher than it is to learn to sing lower. Typically, singing with a lighter mechanism and doing vocal exercises that help regulate airflow will increase your high range fairly quickly. Your low range is a little more handicapped by your anatomy and the thickness of your vocal cords, but there are things you can do to increase your low range a little bit.
How to Hit Low Notes
Find Your Chest Voice
If you haven’t found your chest voice yet, this is where to start. I don’t mean that you should push harder from your chest voice, just that you should learn to access it. If you tend to only sing (or speak!) in a very light, head-dominant tone, your voice may drop out as you try to access lower notes. To find this area of your voice, try saying in your best Santa voice, “ho, ho, ho!” Do you feel the vibration in your chest? Now trying singing some tones in this area of your voice.
To reach the lowest notes in your range, your vocal cords need to stay relaxed and loose, and your larynx needs to tilt downward. The harder you push, the harder a time you’ll have reaching these notes. Try slightly yawning or sighing into the notes, remaining very quiet.
Try Vocal Fry
You know that rattling, popping sound you used to make with your voice as a kid because it was fun and annoyed your parents? That’s called vocal fry, and it happens when your cord closure is extremely loose. Because you need loose glottal closure to hit low notes, try finding your lowest note and then going lower using vocal fry and barely eking out a note. Over time, try adding the tone back in little by little, keeping your voice relaxed.